01.Dec .2020 00:00

The Main Causes of Death in Georgia

The Main Causes of Death in Georgia
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46, 524 people died in Georgia in 2018. The main causes of death in the country were diseases of the circulatory system with 21, 549 cases and malignant neoplasms 7, 329 cases. In 2018, life expectancy in Georgia was 74.0 years (in females – 78.2; in males – 69.7), up from 73.5 in 2017. The nation’s life expectancy is higher than in the CIS countries and lower than in the European Region. 
 
Pursuant to the latest data of the Georgian National Center for Disease Control and Public Health (NCDC), during the last few decades, a decrease in mortality and an increase in life expectancy was observed in the world. Such change is partially associated with the increase of the number of non-fatal cases of non-communicable diseases, the reduction of mortal cases caused by injuries, better control of risk factors, and early detection and improved management of diseases. In Georgia, similar to developed countries, the share of the older population is increasing, which itself is reflected in the mortality rate.

In 2011-2015, according to the National Statistics Office of Georgia, the crude mortality rate was rather stable. In 2018, a trend for decrease, which started in 2017, continued. In 2018, 51.2% of the total number of deaths was registered in males, 48.8% - in females; 1.3% of total number of deaths was registered in children under-15, of which 68.8% were in children under-1.

As for the main causes of death in Georgia, diseases of the circulatory system was the leading cause of death in Georgia in 2018, with 21, 549 cases, it was followed by malignant neoplasms – 7329 and diseases of the digestive system – 3676.